An accelerated pace of crop development thus far

An accelerated pace of crop development thus far

Across the Corn Belt, above-normal temperatures continue to promote a rapid pace of crop development. On July 1, progress for U.S. corn (17% silking) and soybeans (27% blooming) were significantly ahead of the respective 5-year averages of 8 and 13%. More than one-third of the corn in Illinois and Missouri began to silk during the week ending July 1, with overall progress in those states reaching 40 and 48%, respectively.

On the Plains, cool, showery weather in Montana and Dakotas contrasts with lingering heat farther south. On the southern High Plains, hot weather and limited soil moisture are maintaining stress on rangeland, pastures, and summer crops. In Texas, where topsoil moisture was rated 69% very short to short on July 1, more than one-third of the cotton (36%), sorghum (38%), and rangeland/pastures (40%) were rated very poor to poor.

In the South, a disturbance near the central Gulf Coast remains a focus for locally heavy showers. Hot, humid weather prevails throughout the South, with pockets of dryness remaining a concern for summer crops in a few areas. On July 1, topsoil moisture was rated at least one-half short in Louisiana (54%) and Arkansas (53%).

In the West, cool air continues to overspread California and the Northwest, but hot, breezy conditions are maintaining an elevated to critical risk of wildfires in the southern Great Basin and the Four Corners States.

A brief surge of cool air will fully overspread the Plains by Thursday and reach the remainder of the central and eastern U.S. by week’s end. Meanwhile, heat will build across the West. In addition, the West will experience mostly dry weather for the remainder of the week, while periodic showers will affect much of the central and eastern U.S. During the weekend, however, a few showers associated with the Southwestern monsoon may begin to develop in the Four Corners States. At the same time, drier air should arrive across the Midwest and Northeast, while showers associated with a cold front will shift into the South.

Looking ahead, the 6- to 10-day outlook calls for above-normal temperatures nearly nationwide, with the greatest likelihood of hot weather occurring in the West. Meanwhile, below-normal rainfall across much of the northern U.S. should contrast with wetter-than-normal weather across large sections of the South.


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