The Weather Front On-Line

The Weather Front On-Line

A major pattern shift underway

Across the Corn Belt, heavy rain is falling across the eastern Corn Belt, from Michigan southward. The rain, which is boosting soil moisture for recently planted winter wheat, follows several days of favorable weather that had allowed for a rapid pace of corn and soybean harvesting.

A change in weather ahead

Across the Corn Belt, very warm, dry weather through Friday has been supportive of corn and soybean maturation and harvesting, especially in areas where fieldwork has been delayed by crop developmental delays or autumn wetness. Weather conditions also favor the development of recently planted winter wheat and cover crops.

Exceptionally tranquil Corn Belt weather

Across the Corn Belt, sunny, warm conditions are ideal for summer crop maturation and harvesting, as well as winter wheat planting and emergence. On October 15, the corn harvest was more than 10 percentage points behind the respective 5-year averages in all Midwestern States except Michigan.

Another change in weather for the Midwest

Across the Corn Belt, warm, dry weather prevails, allowing previously-delayed summer crop harvesting to gain momentum. The dry weather will be short lived, however, as a cold front approaches the region, bringing another round of rain for the weekend.

Mild, drier days next week for the Corn Belt

Across the Corn Belt, recent and ongoing rainfall is limiting fieldwork but benefiting recently planted winter grains and cover crops. On October 8, the corn harvest was at least 10 percentage points behind the respective state 5-year averages in all Midwestern States, except Michigan and Ohio. Nationally, the corn harvest was just 22% complete, 15 percentage points behind average.

An active pattern across the Corn Belt

Across the Corn Belt, hard freezes occurred early Tuesday across the far upper Midwest. More than a week ago, on October 1, corn was less than one-half fully mature in Wisconsin (41%) and North Dakota (47%). However, the fact that most of the corn—88% in Wisconsin and 93% in North Dakota—was dented by October 1 should help to limit any yield loss.

Beneficial rains ease short-term dryness

Across the Corn Belt, showers stretch from southern Lower Michigan to Missouri. Much of this region has received little moisture in the last 2 months; rain is boosting topsoil moisture for recently-planted winter wheat.

Showery weather ahead for the Midwest

Across the Corn Belt, wet weather prevails across the upper Midwest. However, warm, dry weather in the central and eastern Corn Belt continues to promote summer crop maturation but is limiting moisture availability for recently planted winter wheat. On October 1, Illinois led the nation in topsoil moisture rated very short to short (84%), followed by Michigan (78%).

Warm, dry weather for now; wetter days ahead

Across the Corn Belt, showers and thunderstorms are returning to the upper Midwest. Meanwhile, ongoing dry weather across the southern and eastern Corn Belt favors corn and soybean maturation but is reducing topsoil moisture for recently planted or soon-to-be-planted winter wheat and cover crops.