The Weather Front On-Line
Across the Corn Belt, late-season warmth is returning to southern and western areas, promoting corn and soybean harvest activities. Cool conditions linger, however, across the lower Great Lakes region.
Across the Corn Belt, mild, dry, breezy weather is replacing previously cool conditions. As field conditions permit, producers continue to plant winter wheat and harvest corn and soybeans. On October 23, Midwestern winter wheat planting ranged from 48% complete in Missouri to 85% complete in Ohio.
On the Plains, mild, mostly dry weather favors summer crop maturation and harvesting. However, several locations on the central and southern High Plains, including Garden City, Kansas, have not yet received any measurable rain in October, leaving some winter wheat with inadequate moisture for proper establishment.
On the Plains, rain showers are developing across the Dakotas. Elsewhere, warm, dry weather prevails, despite an increase in cloudiness. In part due to dry conditions on the central and southern High Plains, winter wheat emergence was slightly behind the 5-year average on October 23 in Kansas (63% emerged) and Texas (42%).
On the Plains, dry weather favors autumn fieldwork, including late-season winter wheat planting. A Frost Advisory was in effect Friday morning on the central High Plains, but warmer, breezy conditions are imminent throughout the nation’s mid-section.
Across the Corn Belt, warm, dry weather is ideal for corn and soybean maturation and harvesting, as well as winter wheat planting. On October 16, the corn harvest was less than one-third complete in Iowa, Minnesota, and the Dakotas—and running 10 to 12 percentage points behind the respective 5-year averages for each state.
On the Plains, slightly cooler weather accompanies scattered showers in Montana, Wyoming, and the Dakotas. Farther south, however, record-setting warmth continues to promote fieldwork on the central and southern Plains, although soil moisture shortages are a growing concern with respect to winter wheat establishment.
On the Plains, sharply warmer weather has replaced Thursday’s brief cold spell, with Friday’s high temperatures expected to average 15 to 30° above normal. The warmth is accelerating winter wheat emergence but increasing soil moisture losses in recently-dry growing areas from eastern Colorado and western Kansas southward into the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles.
On the Plains, showers are ending as a cold front exits the region, but clouds and fieldwork delays persist. Dry weather is returning to the northern High Plains, although cold weather and wet field conditions are slowing late-season winter wheat planting efforts. On October 9, winter wheat planting on the Plains ranged from 48% complete in Texas to 95% complete in Nebraska.
On the Plains, cold, snowy conditions in northern portions of the region are slowing fieldwork and wheat development. In contrast, warm weather across the central and southern Plains is accelerating winter wheat establishment and summer crop harvesting.