The Weather Front On-Line

The Weather Front On-Line

Cool, but dry weather across the Midwest

Across the Corn Belt, cold weather has largely ended the growing season from the Mississippi Valley westward, although summer crops are already mature and not susceptible to freeze injury. Meanwhile, mostly dry weather has returned to the eastern Corn Belt, where soggy fields continue to restrict fieldwork.

Moderating temperatures ahead for the Midwest

Across the Corn Belt, cold weather has largely ended the growing season from the Mississippi Valley westward, although summer crops are already mature and not susceptible to freeze injury. Meanwhile, mostly dry weather has returned to the eastern Corn Belt, where soggy fields continue to restrict fieldwork.

Rain overspreading the eastern & southern Corn Belt

Across the Corn Belt, cool, rainy weather is halting summer crop harvesting and winter wheat planting in the middle Mississippi and lower Ohio Valleys. Fieldwork is already behind schedule in the eastern Corn Belt due to a combination of late-developing crops and recent wetness.

A real November-like feel arrives later in the week

Across the Corn Belt, most corn and soybean harvest activities are proceeding under a cool, dry weather regime. However, light rain is overspreading westernmost production areas, including eastern Nebraska.

A slow pace to fieldwork across the Midwest

Across the Corn Belt, wet fields, and gusty winds are hampering fieldwork, especially across northern and eastern portions of the region. On October 9 in Ohio, the soybean harvest was 3% complete, compared to the 5-year average of 38%. Similarly, only 5% of Ohio’s winter wheat had been planted, compared to the 5-year average of 41%.

Fieldwork opportunities gradually closing

Across the Corn Belt, scattered showers are gradually closing a window of opportunity for fieldwork. Nearly one-third (32%) of the nation’s soybean acreage was harvested during the week ending October 9, paced by Iowa (49% harvested in a week; 70% overall) and Minnesota (48% in a week; 83% overall).

Near-perfect early Autumn weather continues

A near-perfect spell of weather continues under a sunny sky, a light southeast wind and high temperatures around 80-degrees. A cold front is forecast to move through on Wednesday night, with showers possible as early as Tuesday night. Thunderstorms will be more focused closer to the cold front, however.  The periodic precipitation should come to an end on Thursday.

Modest drought improvement noted in some areas

Recent rainfall has significantly improved the drought conditions south of I-70, and north of I-74.  In between, moderate to severe drought continues.  According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, severe drought conditions exist over portions of central Illinois, roughly from about Monticello, westward.   Moderate drought conditions were reported in east-central Illinois.

Ideal harvest weather across the Heartland

Across the Corn Belt, very warm, dry weather west of the Mississippi River remains ideal for summer crop maturation and harvesting. During the week ending October 2, more than one-quarter of the soybeans were harvested in North Dakota (38% harvested in a week; 43% overall), Minnesota (32% in a week; 35% overall), and South Dakota (28% in a week; 30% overall).

Tranquil early-Autumn weather across the Heartland

Across the Corn Belt, widespread weekend frost resulted in only minor impacts on rapidly maturing crops. Currently, cool weather and scattered showers linger across eastern-most areas, including Ohio. Elsewhere in the Midwest, mild, dry weather is ideal for corn and soybean maturation and harvesting.