In focus in 2019: Immigration

In focus in 2019: Immigration

Throughout this week, we'll turn to the experts — UI professors — to educate us on the issues they believe will make front-page headlines in 2019.

Third up: MICHAEL LeROY, on the immigration storyline he'll be paying closest attention to in the year ahead.

"In 2019, will courts continue to rein in PRESIDENT TRUMP's immigration orders and proclamations?

"The president has issued orders to rescind DACA and DAPA — programs that defer removal for 'Dreamers' and their parents who came to the U.S. illegally — and Temporary Protected Status for Central Americans and Haitians.

"He also has obstructed citizenship for foreign nationals who serve in the U.S. military, a program that Congress approved, and issued a 'Hire American' order that alters a law allowing firms to hire technology workers — another rewriting of a law passed by Congress.

"I've been tracking lawsuits involving challenges to work-related aspects of the president's orders. The courts have made 38 key rulings. In 17 out of 22 rulings — 77.2 percent — courts issued or continued injunctions. (Not all rulings are for injunctions.) In 34 out of 38 cases — 89.4 percent — challengers won all or part of the ruling.

"These losses are extraordinary for any president. The trend means that President Trump is generating new case law that erodes presidential powers.

"But how will the Supreme Court rule in these cases? That's still an open question that will probably be answered, to some degree, in 2019.

"If the president succeeds before the Supreme Court in all these cases, two to three million people will be deported — many who have lived and worked in the U.S. since the 1990s."