Across the Corn Belt, a return to mild weather favors late-season harvesting. Tuesday’s temperatures could reach 80° in parts of the western Corn Belt, including eastern Nebraska. By November 1, the U.S. corn harvest was 82% complete. Only Ohio, where 41% of the corn was cut, had not reached the harvest mid-point. On the same date, 87% of the U.S. soybeans had been harvested. Among Midwestern States, only Missouri (60% harvested) had not reached the three-quarters mark for soybean harvest completion.
On the Plains, warm, sunny weather is promoting winter wheat emergence and development, although drought remains a concern in some production areas. On November 1, more than one-fifth of the winter wheat was rated in very poor to poor condition in Colorado (28%), Texas (28%), Kansas (23%), and Nebraska (22%). Late-season warmth also favors fieldwork, including cotton, sorghum, and sunflower harvesting.
In the South, widespread frost occurred Tuesday morning as far south as central sections of Alabama and Georgia. Cool, dry weather throughout the region favors a return to fieldwork that has been hampered by tropical showers. On November 1, the cotton harvest was behind the 5-year average pace in every state from the Mississippi Valley eastward. Nationally, the peanut harvest was 66% complete on that date, compared to the 5-year average of 76%.
In the West, showers are moving inland across western Washington. The remainder of the region is experiencing warm, dry weather. Northwestern winter wheat will soon need moisture, as 93% of Oregon’s intended acreage was planted by November 1 (versus the 5-year average of 90%), but only 33% of the crop had emerged (versus the average of 54%).
Most of the country will experience dry weather during the next 5 days. In the Northwest, however, several Pacific disturbances will result in a turn toward cooler, wetter conditions. Late in the week, snow will blanket northern sections of the Rockies and High Plains, while precipitation may spread as far south as the Intermountain West. In advance of the Western storminess, warm, dry weather should allow corn and soybean harvesting, as well as other autumn fieldwork across the central U.S., to near completion. Elsewhere, tropical moisture may begin to spread northward from the Caribbean Sea, leading to increasingly showery weather across Florida and environs.
Looking ahead, the 6- to 10-day outlook calls for the likelihood of above-normal temperatures in the western Gulf Coast region and from the Mississippi Valley to the East Coast, while colder-than-normal conditions will cover the western half of the U.S. Meanwhile, near- or above-normal precipitation across most of the country should contrast with drier-than-normal weather in the central Gulf Coast region.