SPRINGFIELD — Illinois lawmakers this week passed a bill clarifying issues around the massive criminal-justice reform law that was approved last year with the support of the Illinois Legislative Black Caucus.
On a 67-42 vote, the House voted Wednesday to accept a senate amendment to House Bill 3512, clarifying issues relating to pretrial services, detainee phone calls and moving back effective dates in the police decertification system and body camera footage labeling.
State Rep. Justin Slaughter, D-Chicago, the lead House sponsor of the bill, said it’s intended to help facilitate the implementation of the law that passed in January 2021.
During the debate, Republicans voiced their frustrations regarding language used for detainee phone calls and pretrial services.
The bill outlines that when someone is detained, law enforcement must allow them to make up to three phone calls within three hours. If the individual is moved from one detention center to the next, the three phone calls and three hours will restart.
But House Minority Leader Jim Durkin, R-Western Springs, argued that the bill did not provide enough clarification on the terms “police custody” and “detention.”
“‘Police custody’ means that they’re not free to leave. That means that they’re sitting in a squad car, and under the way you’ve drafted your bill, that means that the police have to give that person three phone calls,” Durkin said.
The follow-up bill clarifies that the definition of “detention” is police stations, places that operate municipal police departments, county police departments and other law-enforcement agencies.
Slaughter also clarified that the three-hour limit begins once the person arrives at the place they are being detained.
It also notes that a record of the phone calls made must be maintained while an individual is in custody. If no calls are made, the detainee must give a statement to police as to why they did not make any calls.
Rep. Patrick Windhorst, R-Metropolis, said restarting the three calls and three hours when someone is transferred created “an additional burden on law enforcement,” especially in rural areas.
The three-hour requirement for phone calls will not apply when the individual is asleep, unconscious or not complying with officers. A document detailing the noncompliance must be noted within the police report.
Slaughter also noted that the bill puts forth agreed language in which it will promote hiring and training for pretrial services in counties where they do not yet exist.
“This allows 53 circuits in Illinois who are currently without pretrial services to establish them as required by the Illinois Pretrial Services Act of 1987. We’re 34 years late,” Slaughter said.
That law provides the legal framework for the pretrial process in Illinois. It provides that “each circuit shall establish a pretrial services agency.”
Requested by the courts for help with implementation of the act, the follow-up bill, HB 3512, would allow the state to begin to comply with the requirement.
“When you look at what we’re doing on pretrial fairness and detainee rights, it signifies to cities all across the state, especially communities of color, that we’re serious about addressing the need for the many disparities that we see in our criminal justice system,” Slaughter said.
The original law provided for the end of cash bail in Illinois in favor of a yet-to-be-determined pretrial detention system that prioritizes risk over a person’s ability to make bail. The state’s courts are to create an administrative code outlining the new pretrial detention system by January 2023. That provision is unchanged in the latest follow-up bill.
The trailer bill passed Wednesday also pushes back the effective dates for the police-decertification system to July 1, 2022. It also clarifies that labeling body-camera footage is not considered “altering” it as it pertains to language in the original law.
Due to the pandemic, the Illinois Law Enforcement Training and Standards Board asked the date to be pushed back in order to provide more time with hiring and building the new division.
The bill passed the Senate in October and now needs only a signature from Gov. J.B. Pritzker to become law.